In today`s world of technology everyday many new inventions and technologies come up which are quite interesting and the most recent technology that showed up is ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE or simply known as AI.This technology is so common to us nowadays that we often forget about its importance and the significance it hides in itself.Most of the things we use today like our mobiles,computers,tablets,etc. has inbuilt AI in it which makes our work very easy.
HISTORY OF AI
The beginnings of modern AI can be traced to classical philosophers’ attempts to describe human thinking as a symbolic system. But the field of AI wasn’t formally founded until 1956, at a conference at Dartmouth College, in Hanover, New Hampshire, where the term “artificial intelligence” was coined.
#first Artificial intelligence based robot model
JOHN McCARTHY an American computer scientist and pioneer and inventor is known as the father of AI. The cognitive scientist coined the term in his 1955 proposal for the 1956 Dartmouth Conference, the first artificial intelligence conference.His main objective was to make a machine which could reason like humans,solve problems and many more.
The modern definition of artificial intelligence (or AI) is “the study and design of intelligent agents” where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions which maximizes its chances of success.
Today AI has conquered most of the areas of technology.Many big companies such as GOOGLE,FACEBOOK,AMAZON and many other use AI in their systems to make their tasks much more easier .
You must have listened about google assistant or siri or bixby(i know many of you have these in your mobile phones), they are some advanced and modern AIs.
TYPES OF AI
Apart from the above image there are four main types of AI-
Theory of mind
This is the most basic form of AI.It takes action directly based on what it sees or the data which it gathers from its environment.It cannot form reasons or do any advanced work but it can only perform some specialised tasks.It also cannot create memories or make decisions based on the past experiences.These are only used to perform one specialised task only.
example:IBMs Deep Blue and Google`s AlphaGo
This is a bit advanced form of AI.These types of AIs are just provided with limited information from which they can make right decisions.They combine the information they have in their memory and that which they get from the sorroundings to make necessary changes and take actions.
example:Self driving cars and Apple`s chatbot Siri
3.THEORY OF MIND
These types of AIs will be able to understand human
thoughts,emotins,beliefs and expectations.They should be able to interact socially with humans.But still these AIs have a long way to go and they are under research because lot of improvements are to be done yet in this field.
These are the AIs which have their own consciousness,intelligent,beliefs,understanding and in simple words a complete human being.However these type of bots does not exist at all but when it will happen,it will surely be a revolution in the field of technology and AI itself.
SCOPE OF ai
This is just the beginning of the AI revolution and we have seen so many changes around us.From Google assistant to Apple`Siri and many other,developments are happening at a rapid pace.Scope of AI is surely so wide in upcoming future as it will provide jobs to many,cyber security could be increased,bots will be able to understand human needs completely,corruption could be reduced by managing law and order properly with the help of AI,and the wars will take a new turn.
We know that AI can prove very benefitial for entire humanity but its misuse or a false application can bring a disaster for every human living on this planet.Today researchers are trying to build such AIs which can think like humans and work like then as well.But what would happen if these human like thinkers develops into something unpredictable?This question puts a big question mark on every AI developer they also don`t know what disaster can these bots bring to humanity if they did some mistake in developing it(sounds just like Ultron which was created by Tony Stark in Avengers movie).
We all know Elon Musk(unless you are living in stone age),he once said–
“WITH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE WE ARE SUMMONING THE DEMONS “