CYBER CRIME : Enemy of technical world
Today we are living in a world created by science and technology. There was a time when people have to wait for many days just to receive a single message from friends or relatives.They have to travel many kilometers to acquire knowledge or education.But that time has went far away from us.Today all the information and our friends are just a click away from us.Thanks to the internet. Internet has given us access to unlimited information.It has brought our friends and society much more closer to us.In simple words it has made our lives much more easier.
However internet too has its side effects! As our technology is growing everyday and we are becoming more used to computers, many people are indulging in wrong ways to earn some quick money.This activity is commonly known as Cyber Crime.I guess many of you have heard about it.So lets learn more about it….
Cyber-crime or a computer-oriented crime, is a crime which involves computer and a network.The computer may be used in the commission of a crime or it may be the target. Cybercriminals may use computer technology to access personal information, business trade secrets or use the internet for exploitative or malicious purposes. Criminals can also use computers for communication and document or data storage. Criminals who perform these illegal activities are often referred to as hackers.
FORMS OF CYBERCRIMES
This is the most common form of cyber-crimes . The criminals send emails,texts or even call people saying that they are from some reputed companies.Then they ask for their personal information such as credit card no.,passwords,etc.,
2. IDENTITY THEFT
Identity theft is the deliberate use of someone else’s identity, usually as a method to gain a financial advantage or obtain credit and other benefits in the other person’s name, and perhaps to the other person’s disadvantage or loss.
In computer networking, hacking is any technical effort to manipulate the normal behavior of network connections and connected systems. A hacker is any person engaged in hacking. The term hacking historically referred to constructive, clever technical work that was not necessarily related to computer systems.
The above mentioned three forms are most common in the world of cybercrimes.
But apart from them many other forms are also there such as spreading hate and inciting terrorism,distributing child pornography and grooming(making sexual advances to minors).
1. USE STRONG PASSWORDS
Make sure sure passwords are strong enough.Do not use same passwords for many sites.Use a combination of letters, numbers and special characters.Make sure to change your passwords regularly.
2. BE UPDATED
Make sure you update your softwares regularly. Outdated softwares and flaws in files makes it easier for criminals to breach your security.Updating your software regularly and patching flaws and exploits can make it less likely that you will be a target.
3. USE RELIABLE SECURITY SOFTWARES
VPNs are extremely helpful, but not enough to fully secure your information. You also need software such as antivirus programs, ad blockers, and firewalls. Use software made by trusted names in cybersecurity such as Norton,McAfee, and Kaspersky among others.
4. KEEP CERTAIN INFORMATION PRIVATE
Avoid putting tons of personal information like phone no.,address or your workplace on social media sites.Your personal information makes it easier for criminals to track you down.