STEPHEN HAWKING: The man who transformed modern science
Stephen Hawking, this is the name most of you have heard and know about.You should know about it because this name has changed our thinking towards the universe.Stephen Hawking was an English theoretical physicist,cosmologist, author, and the director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death.
So lets start his success story from the beginning..
Stephen Hawking: Early life
Stephen William Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford(England) to Frank and Isobel Hawking.He was born when whole nation is going through a financial crunch because of World War 2. He was not so much interested in studies in his early life. He attended St. Albans school but he was never a brilliant child. He was more interested in what happened outside the class. He spent most of his time and energy in research and inventing new things.
At the age of 12, when most of the kids didn’t know about computer(in 1950s), he made his own computer completely by recycled clocks, telephones and other stuff. At the age of 17, he went to Oxford university to study physics and chemistry. After graduation,he went to Cambridge to pursue his further studies in cosmology.
Hawking affected by a deadly disease
One of the brilliant mind of the century was struck by a deadly motor neuron disease known as Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or ALS. This is a type of disease which affects and causes death of the neurons that control brain and the spinal cord.Gradually, in the following years he was paralyzed by it. When he was in final years of Oxford,his body started showing symptoms of this disease. His speech became slurred, he sometimes even fell on stairs. The medical diagnosis of this diseases came up when he was just 21. Doctors predicted that he could not live more than 2 years .
But Hawking defied doctors’ predictions and lived more than that. However, In 1985, he was again struck by a life-threatning disease. He had an emergency operation which saved his life but left him unable to talk.
When Hawking was unable to move on his own, he used a special electric chair to walk around. He sometimes become notorious and drove a little too fast around streets of Cambridge. A special computer was also attached to his wheelchair which he used to communicate with people. He controlled it just by moving a muscle in his cheek (-clever) .
Despite all the problems he faced in his early life, he still managed to live a legendary life. His life is truly an inspiration for all of us. Stephen hawking is best known for his work on explaining the origin of universe and black holes.
- In 1970, he discovered second law of Black hole dynamics which says “that the event horizon of a Black hole can never gets smaller”.
- In 1974, he was elected as a fellow of royal society for his contribution in Physics.
- In 1979, he was awarded by the Albert Einstein Model.
- In 1982, he was awarded as the order of British emperor.
- In 1988, he also won the Wolf prize in Physics.
Apart from these awards he made wonderful discoveries in the field of science. He truly gave modern science a new direction!
Popular Books by Stephen hawking
Apart from being a genius scientist or a researcher, he was also an amazing author. He wrote many books which later became a huge hit in the market. He wants to share his knowledge not just with scientists but with the entire world! This is the main reason the most popular books by him are written in a very elegant and easy language.
List of books by Stephen Hawking:
- A brief history of time
- The Grand design
- My brief history
- The universe in a nutshell
- Black holes and baby universes
- A briefer history of time
Hawking on AI
In 2014, both Stephen Hawking and Elon musk had publicly voiced the opinion that artificial intelligence can provide innumerable benefits to humans but can also end the human race if deployed incautiously. They both raised their concerns over this matter. They signed an open letter on AI calling for the research on the social impacts on AI. In the letter both are concerned about that day when we will lost our control over AI robots. They fear that, it could end our humanity!
Stephen hawking died on March 14, 2018 due to motor neuron disease. There is no doubt that this man will always be a legend and inspiration for all of us. Despite facing so many difficulties in his life, he continued to move ahead and finally gained a huge success. This man will always have a special place in all our hearts.